Hadeeth 1:
Actions Are By Intention
ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭāb
Hadeeth 2:
The Levels of the Religion
ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭāb
Hadeeth 3:
The Five Pillars of Islām
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿUmar
Hadeeth 4:
The Stages of Creation
ʿAbd Allāh bin Masʿūd
Hadeeth 6:
The Doubtful Matters
al-Nuʿmān bin Bashīr
Hadeeth 7:
Sincerity of Purpose
Tamīm al-Dārī
Hadeeth 8:
The Inviolabilty of a Muslim
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿUmar
Hadeeth 11:
Leaving Doubt
al-Ḥasan bin ʿAlī bin Abī Ṭālib
Hadeeth 14:
Sanctity of a Muslim's Life
ʿAbd Allāh bin Masʿūd
Hadeeth 17:
Kindness to Animals
Shaddād bin ʾAws
Hadeeth 18:
Taqwā and Good Manners
Abū Dharr, Muʿādh bin Jabal
Hadeeth 19:
Faith in al-Qaḍā wal-Qadar
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 21:
Having Istiqāmah Upon Islām
Sufyān bin ʿAbd Allāh
Hadeeth 22:
The Path to Paradise
Jābir bin ʿAbd Allāh
Hadeeth 23:
Purity is Half of Īmān
al-Ḥārith bin ʿĀṣim
Hadeeth 24:
Prohibition of Oppression
Abū Dharr al-Ghifārī
Hadeeth 25:
The Excellence of Dhikr
Abū Dharr al-Ghifārī
Hadeeth 27:
Righteousness and Sin
al-Nawwās bin al-Samʿān
Hadeeth 28:
Sticking to the Sunnah
al-ʿIrbāḍ bin Sāriyah
Hadeeth 32:
There Should Be No Harm
Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī
Hadeeth 33:
The Proof is Upon the Claimant
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 34:
Correcting the Evil
Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī
Hadeeth 37:
Righteous Deeds Explained
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 39:
Mistakes and Forgetfulness
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 40:
Be in the World as a Stranger
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿUmar
Hadeeth 41:
Following the Prophet
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAmr bin al-ʿĀṣ




مراتب الدين

2

The Levels of the Religion


عن [عُمرَ] رَضِي اللهُ عَنْهُ أيضاً قالَ: (بَينَما نَحْنُ جُلُوسٌ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ذاتَ يَوْمٍ إذْ طلَعَ عَلَيْنا رَجُلٌ شَديدُ بَيَاضِ الثِّيابِ، شَديدُ سَوادِ الشَّعْرِ، لا يُرَى عَلَيْهِ أَثَرُ السَّفَرِ، وَلا يَعْرِفُهُ مِنَّا أَحَدٌ، حتَّى جَلَسَ إلى النَّبيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَأَسْنَدَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ إِلى رُكْبَتَيْهِ، وَوَضَعَ كَفَّيْهِ على فَخِذَيْهِ؛ قالَ: يا محمَّدُ، أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإسْلامِ. فَقالَ رسولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: "الإِسْلاَمُ أَنْ تَشْهَدَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللهِ، وَتُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةَ، وَتُؤْتِيَ الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصُومَ رَمَضَانَ، وَتَحُجَّ الْبَيْتَ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ إِليْهِ سَبِيلاً". قالَ: صَدَقْتَ. قالَ: فَعَجِبْنا لَهُ، يَسْأَلُهُ وَيُصَدِّقُهُ. قالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإيمانِ. قالَ: "أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاللهِ وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَاليَوْمِ الآخِرِ، وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِِ". قالَ: صَدَقْتَ. قالَ: فَأَخْبِرْني عَنِ الإحسانِ؟ قالَ: "أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَاهُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ". قالَ: فَأَخْبِرْني عَنِ السَّاعةِ. قالَ: "مَا الْمَسْؤُولُ عَنْها بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السَّائِلِ". قالَ: فَأخْبِرْني عَنْ أَمَاراتِها. قالَ: "أَنْ تَلِدَ الأَمَةُ رَبَّتَهَا، وَأَنْ تَرَى الْحُفَاةَ الْعُرَاةَ الْعَالَةَ رِعَاءَ الشَّاءِ، يَتَطاوَلُونَ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ". قالَ: ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ، فَلَبِثْتُ مَلِيًّا.ثُمَّ قالَ لي: "يا عُمَرُ، أَتَدْرِي مَنِ السَّائِلُ؟". قُلتُ: اللهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ. قالَ: "فَإِنَّهُ جِبْرِيلُ أَتَاكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ دِينَكُمْ") رواه مسلمٌ.

Also from ʿUmar (raḍiyallāhu anhu) who said:

"Whilst we were sitting with the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wasallam) one day, there came upon us a man whose clothes were intensely white and whose hair was intensely black. No sign of journey was visible on him and none of us knew him. He came and sat down by the Prophet (ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wasallam) (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wasallam), placing his knees by his (the Prophet's) knees and placed his hands on his thighs. He said, "O Muḥammad, inform me about Islām." The Messenger of Allāh said, "Islām is to bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allāh and Muḥammad is the Messenger of Allāh, to establish the prayer, to pay the zakāh, to fast in Ramaḍān and to make pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so." He (the man) said, "You have spoken truthfully," and we were amazed at his asking him and confirming he spoke truthfully. He said, "Then inform me about īmān." He said, "Īmān is to believe in Allāh, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in the Divine Decree (and foreknowledge)." He said, "You have spoken truthfully." He said, "Then tell me about īḥsān." He said, "It is to worship Allāh as if you can see Him, and even though you cannot see Him, He most certainly sees you." He said, "Then inform me of the Hour." He said, "The one being questioned about it is no more knowledgeable of it than the questioner." He said, "Then inform me of its signs." He said, "That the slave-girl will give birth to her own mistress and that you will see the barefooted, naked, destitute herdsmen competing in constucting lofty buildings." Then the man left and I stayed for a while. Then he (the Messenger) said, "O ʿUmar, do you know who the questioner was?" I said, "Allāh and His Messenger know best." He said, "That was Jibrīl, he came to teach you your religion."

Related by Muslim

Introduction


The Foundation (Umm) of the Sunnah:
This is a mighty ḥadīth also, and some of the people of knowledge have called it “the Mother of the Sunnah” (Umm al-Sunnah). Meaning, just as there is in the Qurʾān, “the Mother of the Qurʾān” (Umm al-Qurʾān), then this ḥadīth is “the Mother of the Sunnah”, because all of the Sunnah returns back to it. It contains an explanation of creed (ʿaqīdah), and creed is built upon the six pillars of faith (īmān). It contains an explanation of the law (sharīʿah), and that is through the mention of the five pillars of Islām. And it contains mention of the unseen affairs and the signs (of the end times). But before that, it mentions etiquette, mannerisms, worship and rectitude which lies in the heart facing and turning to Allāh, the Mighty and Majestic, through the mention of iḥsān (reaching perfection in worship). Then it contains mention of the Hour and its signs. So the majority of the Sunnah returns back to this ḥadīth.
Shaykh Ṣāliḥ Āl al-Shaykh in Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah (pp. 39-40)
Added by: abuiyaad on 15-04-2019



Select any of the options below to read commentaries in Arabic on hadith 2 related by ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭāb.

Shaykh Ṣaliḥ al-Fawzān
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Al-Minḥat al-Rabbāniyyah Fī Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah”.

Shaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Fatḥ al-Qawiyy al-Matīn”.

Shaykh Muḥammad bin Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah”.

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ Āl al-Shaykh
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah”.

Shaykh Ismaʿīl bin Muḥammad al-Anṣārī
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Al-Tuḥfah al-Rabbāniyyah Fī Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn Hadīthan al-Nawawiyyah”.