Hadeeth 1:
Actions Are By Intention
ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭāb
Hadeeth 2:
The Levels of the Religion
ʿUmar bin al-Khaṭṭāb
Hadeeth 3:
The Five Pillars of Islām
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿUmar
Hadeeth 4:
The Stages of Creation
ʿAbd Allāh bin Masʿūd
Hadeeth 6:
The Doubtful Matters
al-Nuʿmān bin Bashīr
Hadeeth 7:
Sincerity of Purpose
Tamīm al-Dārī
Hadeeth 8:
The Inviolabilty of a Muslim
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿUmar
Hadeeth 11:
Leaving Doubt
al-Ḥasan bin ʿAlī bin Abī Ṭālib
Hadeeth 14:
Sanctity of a Muslim's Life
ʿAbd Allāh bin Masʿūd
Hadeeth 17:
Kindness to Animals
Shaddād bin ʾAws
Hadeeth 18:
Taqwā and Good Manners
Abū Dharr, Muʿādh bin Jabal
Hadeeth 19:
Faith in al-Qaḍā wal-Qadar
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 21:
Having Istiqāmah Upon Islām
Sufyān bin ʿAbd Allāh
Hadeeth 22:
The Path to Paradise
Jābir bin ʿAbd Allāh
Hadeeth 23:
Purity is Half of Īmān
al-Ḥārith bin ʿĀṣim
Hadeeth 24:
Prohibition of Oppression
Abū Dharr al-Ghifārī
Hadeeth 25:
The Excellence of Dhikr
Abū Dharr al-Ghifārī
Hadeeth 27:
Righteousness and Sin
al-Nawwās bin al-Samʿān
Hadeeth 28:
Sticking to the Sunnah
al-ʿIrbāḍ bin Sāriyah
Hadeeth 32:
There Should Be No Harm
Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī
Hadeeth 33:
The Proof is Upon the Claimant
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 34:
Correcting the Evil
Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī
Hadeeth 37:
Righteous Deeds Explained
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 39:
Mistakes and Forgetfulness
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAbbās
Hadeeth 40:
Be in the World as a Stranger
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿUmar
Hadeeth 41:
Following the Prophet
ʿAbd Allāh bin ʿAmr bin al-ʿĀṣ




أبواب الخير وخطر اللسان

29

The Danger of the Tongue


عن [معاذِ بنِ جَبَلٍ] رَضِي اللهُ عَنْهُ، قالَ: قُلْتُ: (يا رَسُولَ اللهِ، أَخْبِرْنِي بِعَمَلٍ يُدْخِلُني الجَنَّةَ ويُباعِدُني عَنِ النَّارِ. قالَ: "لَقَدْ سَأَلْتَ عَنْ عَظِيمٍ، وَإِنَّهُ لَيَسِيرٌ عَلَى مَنْ يَسَّرَهُ اللهُ تَعَالَى عَلَيْهِ؛ تَعْبُدُ اللهَ لاَ تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلاَةَ، وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصُومُ رَمَضَانَ، وَتَحُجُّ الْبَيْتَ". ثمَّ قَالَ: "أَلاَ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى أَبْوَابِ الْخَيْرِ؟ الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ، وَصَلاَةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ". ثُمَّ تَلاَ: <<تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ>> حَتى بَلَغَ: <<يَعْمَلُونَ>> . ثُمَّ قالَ: "أَلاَ أُخْبِرُكَ بِرَأْسِ الأَمْرِِ وَعَمُودِهِ وَذِرْوَةِ سَنَامِهِ؟". قُلْتُ: بَلى يَا رسولَ اللهِ. قالَ: "رَأْسُ الأَمْرِ الإِسْلاَمُ، وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلاَةُ، وَذِرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَادُ". ثمَّ قالَ: "أَلاَ أُخْبِرُكَ بِمِلاَكِ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ؟". قلتُ: بلى يا رسولَ اللهِ. فَأَخَذَ بِلِسَانِهِ وقالَ: "كُفَّ عَلَيْكَ هَذَا". قُلْتُ: يا نَبِيَّ اللهِ، وإِنَّا لَمُؤَاخَذُونَ بِمَا نَتَكَلَّمُ به؟ فقالَ: "ثَكِلَتْكَ أُمُّكَ، وَهَلْ يَكُبُّ النَّاسَ فِي النَّارِ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ أو قالَ: عَلَى مَنَاخِرِهِم إِلاَّ حَصَائِدُ أَلْسِنَتِهِمْ"). رواه التِّرمذيُّ، وقالَ: حديثٌ حسنٌ صَحيحٌ.

From Muʿādh bin Jabal (raḍiyallāhu ʿanhu) who said:

I said, "O Messenger of Allah, tell me of an act which will enter me into Paradise and will keep me away from Hellfire." He said, "You have asked me about a major matter, yet it is easy for him for whom Allāh the Exalted makes its easy. You should worship Allāh, associating nothing with Him, you should perform the prayers, you should pay the zakāt, you should fast in Ramaḍan, and you should make the pilgrimage to the House." Then he said, "Shall I not show you the gates of goodness? Fasting [which] is a shield, charity [which] extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire; and the praying of a man in the depth of night." Then he recited, "Who forsake their beds to cry unto their Lord in fear and hope, and spend of that We have bestowed on them. No soul knoweth what is kept hid for them of joy, as areward for what they used to do". Then he said, "Shall I not tell you of the peak of the matter, its pillar, and its topmost part?" I said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allāh." He said, "The peak of the matter is Islam, the pillar is prayer, and its topmost part is jihād." Then he said: "Shall I not tell you of the controlling of all that?" I said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allāh", and he took hold of his tongue and said, "Restrain this." I said: "O Prophet of Allāh, will what we say be held against us ?" He said: "May your mother be bereaved of you, Muʿādh ! Is there anything that topples people on their faces - or he said on their noses - into Hellfire other than the harvests of their tongues?"

Related by Tirmidhī

Select any of the options below to read commentaries in Arabic on hadith 29 related by Muʿādh bin Jabal.

Shaykh Ṣaliḥ al-Fawzān
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Al-Minḥat al-Rabbāniyyah Fī Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah”.

Shaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Fatḥ al-Qawiyy al-Matīn”.

Shaykh Muḥammad bin Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah”.

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ Āl al-Shaykh
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn al-Nawawiyyah”.

Shaykh Ismaʿīl bin Muḥammad al-Anṣārī
Read the Shaykh's explanation from his book, “Al-Tuḥfah al-Rabbāniyyah Fī Sharḥ al-Arbaʿīn Hadīthan al-Nawawiyyah”.